Prime Minister: Jean Chretien (since 11/4/93)
Independence: July 1, 1867 (from UK)
Population (July 2001E): 31.6 million
Location/Size: Northern North America/3.85 million sq. miles (slightly larger than the United States)
Administrative divisions: 10 provinces and 3 territories*; Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Northwest Territories*, Nova Scotia, Nunavut*, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon Territory*
Major Cities: Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Ottawa (capital), Edmonton, Calgary, Winnipeg, Quebec
Languages: English (official), French (official)
Ethnic Groups: British Isles origin (40%), French origin (27%), other European (20%), indigenous Indian, Eskimo (1.5%)
Religions: Roman Catholic (45%), Protestant (41%)
Defense (8/98): Army (20,900), Navy (9,000), Air Force (14,000), Other (15,700)

Exchange Rate (12/12/02): $1 U.S. = $1.56 Canadian dollars
Gross Domestic Product (GDP, 2002E, $U.S.): $724.6 billion
Real GDP Growth Rate (2001E): 1.5% (2002E): 3.4% (2003F): 3.6%
Inflation Rate (consumer prices, 2002E): 1.4%
Unemployment Rate (2002E): 7.6%
Merchandise Exports (2002E, $U.S.): $273 billion
Merchandise Imports (2002E, $U.S.): $238 billion
Merchandise Trade Balance (2002E, $U.S.) $35 billion
Current Account Balance (2002E, $U.S.): $13.5 billion
Major Export Products: Motor vehicles and parts, newsprint, wood pulp, timber, crude petroleum, machinery, natural gas, aluminum, telecommunications equipment, electricity
Major Import Products: Machinery and equipment, crude oil, chemicals, motor vehicles and parts, durable consumer goods, electricity
Major Trading Partners: United States, European Union

Minister of Natural Resources: Herb Dhaliwal
Conventional Crude Oil Reserves (2002E): 4.9 billion barrels
Oil Sands Reserves (2002E): 1.75 - 2.5 trillion barrels
Oil Production (2002E): 2.9 million bbl/d, of which 2.0 million bbl/d was crude oil
Oil Consumption (2002E): 2.0 million bbl/d
Net Oil Exports (2002E): 0.9 million bbl/d
Oil Exports to the United States (January-September 2002): 1.9 million bbl/d, 1.4 million bbl/d of which was crude oil
Oil Imports from the United States (January-September 2002): 105,000 bbl/d
Total Gross Oil Imports (2001): 1.15 million bbl/d
Natural Gas Reserves (1/1/02): 59.7 trillion cubic feet (Tcf)
Natural Gas Production (2000): 6.5 Tcf
Natural Gas Consumption (2000): 3.2 Tcf
Net Natural Gas Exports (2000): 3.3 Tcf
Coal Reserves (2000): 7.2 billion short tons
Coal Production (2000): 76.2 million short tons (Mmst)
Coal Consumption (2000): 67 Mmst
Electric Generation Capacity (1/1/00): 111 million kilowatts
Electricity Generation (2000): 567.1 billion kilowatt hours (60% hydro, 26% thermal, 12% nuclear, 1% geothermal and other)

Minister of Environment: David Anderson
Total Energy Consumption (2000): 13.07 quadrillion Btu* (3.3% of world total energy consumption)
Energy-Related Carbon Emissions (2000): 157.95 million metric tons of carbon (2.5% of world carbon emissions)
Per Capita Energy Consumption (2000): 425 million Btu (vs U.S. value of 351.0 million Btu)
Per Capita Carbon Emissions (2000): 5.2 metric tons of carbon (vs U.S. value of 5.6 metric tons of carbon)
Energy Intensity (2000): 18,542 Btu/ $1995 (vs U.S. value of 10,918 Btu/ $1995)**
Carbon Intensity (2000): 0.22 metric tons of carbon/thousand $1995 (vs U.S. value of 0.17 metric tons/thousand $1995)**
Sectoral Share of Energy Consumption (1998): Industrial (48.0%), Residential (17.7%), Transportation (18.9%), Commercial (15.5%)
Sectoral Share of Carbon Emissions (1998): Industrial (40.3%), Transportation (33.0%), Residential (14.0%), Commercial (12.7%)
Fuel Share of Energy Consumption (2000): Oil (30.9%), Natural Gas (25.7%), Coal (11.4%), Hydro (28%) Nuclear (6%)
Fuel Share of Carbon Emissions (2000): Oil (44.9%), Natural Gas (31.4%), Coal (23.7%)
Renewable Energy Consumption (1998): 3,850 trillion Btu*
Number of People per Motor Vehicle (1998): 1.8 (vs U.S. value of 1.3)
Status in Climate Change Negotiations: Annex I country under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (ratified December 4th, 1992). Under the negotiated Kyoto Protocol (signed on April 29th, 1998, but not yet ratified), Canada has agreed to reduce greenhouse gases 6% below 1990 levels by the 2008-2012 commitment period.
Major Environmental Issues: Air pollution and resulting acid rain severely affecting lakes and damaging forests; metal smelting, coal-burning utilities, and vehicle emissions impacting on agricultural and forest productivity; ocean waters becoming contaminated due to agricultural, industrial, mining, and forestry activities
Major International Environmental Agreements: A party to Conventions on Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands and Whaling. Has signed, but not ratified, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Law of the Sea and Marine Life Conservation

* The total energy consumption statistic includes petroleum, dry natural gas, coal, net hydro, nuclear, geothermal, solar, wind, wood and waste electric power. The renewable energy consumption statistic is based on International Energy Agency (IEA) data and includes hydropower, solar, wind, tide, geothermal, solid biomass and animal products, biomass gas and liquids, industrial and municipal wastes. Sectoral shares of energy consumption and carbon emissions are also based on IEA data.
**GDP based on EIA International Energy Annual 2000.

Organization: private sector (major companies: ExxonMobil's Imperial Oil, Royal Dutch/Shell's Shell Canada, Petro-Canada, Suncor, EnCana).
Major Oil and Gas Producing Provinces: Alberta; British Columbia; Saskatchewan
Major Oil Pipelines: Trans Mountain; Enbridge
Oil Refining Capacity, (January 2002): Ontario (560,200 bbl/d); Alberta (435,550 bbl/d); Quebec (394,900 bbl/d); New Brunswick (250,000 bbl/d); British Columbia (62,250 bbl/d); Newfoundland (105,000 bbl/d); Nova Scotia (84,000 bbl/d); Sas katchewan (52,000 bbl/d)
Major Gas Pipeline Companies: Enbridge, TransCanada PipeLines Ltd.

Sources for this report include: Cambridge Energy Research Associates; Canada's National Energy Board; Canadian Business; CIA World Factbook; Dow Jones; Economist Intelligence Unit ViewsWire; Energy Daily; Energy Day; Engineering and Mining Journal; Foster Natural Gas Report; Financial Times; Gas Daily; Global Insight; Oil and Gas Journal; Oil and Gas Investor; Oil Daily; Oilweek; Montreal Gazette; Natural Gas Week; New York Times; Petroleum Economist; Petroleum Intelligence Weekly; Pipeline and Gas Journal; Platt's; U.S. Energy Information Administration; World Markets Online.