President: Megawati Sukarnoputri (since July 2001)
Independence: Proclaimed independence on August 17, 1945. On December 27, 1949, Indonesia became independent from the Netherlands.
Population (2002E): 231.3 million
Location/Size: Southeastern Asia/735,310 sq. mi., slightly less than three times the size of Texas
Major Cities: Jakarta (capital), Surabaya, Bandung, Medan, Semarang, Palembang, Ujung Pandang
Languages: Bahasa Indonesia (official), English, Dutch, local dialects including Javanese
Ethnic Groups: Javanese (45%), Sundanese (14%), Madurese (7.5%), coastal Malays (7.5%), other (26%)
Religions: Muslim (88%), Protestant (5%), Roman Catholic (3%), Hindu (2%), Buddhist 1%), other (1%)

Minister for Economic Affairs: Kuntjoro-Jakti Dorodjatun
Exchange Rate (3/24/03): US$1 = 8,950 rupiah
Gross Domestic Product (2002E): $181.9 billion (2003E): $213.1 billion
Real GDP Growth Rate (2002E): 3.7% (2003E): 3.8%
Inflation Rate (Consumer Price Index) (2002E): 11.9% (2003E): 7.7%
Merchandise Exports (2002E): $57.0 billion
Merchandise Imports (2002E): $31.2 billion
Merchandise Trade Balance (2002E): $25.8 billion
Major Export Products: Manufactured goods, petroleum, natural gas and related products, foodstuffs, raw materials
Major Import Products: Capital equipment, raw and intermediate materials, consumer goods, petroleum products
Major Trading Partners: Japan, United States, Singapore, Hong Kong, Britain, Australia

Energy Minister: Purnomo Yusgiantoro
Proven Oil Reserves (1/1/03E): 5.0 billion barrels
Oil Production (2002E): 1.3 million barrels per day (bbl/d), of which 1.1 million bbl/d was crude oil
OPEC Production Quota (since 2/1/03): 1.27 million bbl/d
Oil Consumption (2002E): 1.0 million bbl/d
Net Oil Exports (2002E): 305,000 bbl/d
Major Oil Customers: Japan, United States, South Korea, China, Australia, Taiwan, Singapore, Thailand
Crude Oil Refining Capacity (1/1/03E): 992,745 bbl/d
Natural Gas Reserves (1/1/03E): 92.5 trillion cubic feet (tcf)
Natural Gas Production (2001E): 2.44 trillion cubic feet (tcf)
Natural Gas Consumption (2001E): 1.28 tcf
Net Gas Exports (2001E): 1.16 Tcf
Major LNG Customers (2002): Japan, South Korea, Taiwan
Coal Reserves (12/31/01): 5.92 billion short tons of recoverable reserves of which 85% is lignite and 15% is anthracite
Coal Production (2001E): 99.6 million short tons (Mmst)
Coal Consumption (2001E): 39.0 Mmst
Net Coal Exports (2001E): 60.6 Mmst
Major Coal Customers (2001): Japan, Taiwan, South Korea, the Philippines
Electric Generation Capacity (1/1/01E): 21.4 gigawatts
Electricity Production (2001E):
95.8 billion kilowatt hours
Electricity Consumption (2001E): 89.1 billion kilowatt hours

Total Energy Consumption (2001E): 4.63 quadrillion Btu* (1.1% of world total energy consumption)
Energy-Related Carbon Emissions (2001E): 87.13 million metric tons of carbon (1.3% of world total carbon emissions)
Per Capita Energy Consumption (2001E): 21.5 million Btu (vs U.S. value of 341.8 million Btu)
Per Capita Carbon Emissions (2001E): 0.41 metric tons of carbon (vs U.S. value of 5.5 metric tons of carbon)
Energy Intensity (2001E): 21,441 Btu/ $1995 (vs. U.S. value of 10,736 Btu/ $1995)
Carbon Intensity (2001E): 0.40 metric tons of carbon/thousand $1995 (vs. U.S. value of 0.17 metric tons/thousand $1995)
Fuel Share of Energy Consumption (2001E): Oil (46.9%), Natural Gas (30%), Coal (19.7%)
Fuel Share of Carbon Emissions (2001E): Oil (48%), Natural Gas (26.1%), Coal (25.9%)
Status in Climate Change Negotiations: Non-Annex I country under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (ratified August 23rd, 1994). Signatory to the Kyoto Protocol (signed July 13th, 1998 - not yet ratified).
Major Environmental Issues: Deforestation; water pollution from industrial wastes, sewage; air pollution in urban areas.
Major International Environmental Agreements: A party to Conventions on Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94 and Wetlands. Has signed, but not ratified, Desertification and Marine Life Conservation.

* The total energy consumption statistic includes petroleum, dry natural gas, coal, net hydro, nuclear, geothermal, solar, wind, wood and waste electric power. The renewable energy consumption statistic is based on International Energy Agency (IEA) data and includes hydropower, solar, wind, tide, geothermal, solid biomass and animal products, biomass gas and liquids, industrial and municipal wastes. Sectoral shares of energy consumption and carbon emissions are also based on IEA data.
**GDP based on EIA International Energy Annual 2001

Organizations: Perusahaan Pertambangan Minyak dan Gas Bumi Negara (Pertamina) - oil exploration, production, transportation, and marketing; Perum Gas Negara (PGN) -gas distributor and transmission company
Major Producing Oil Fields: Duri, Minas, Belida, Ardjuna, Arun, KG/KRA, Widuri, Nilam, Attaka
Oil Refineries (1/1/03): Cilacap, Central Java (380,000); Pertamina-Balikpapan, Kalimantan (240,920); Musi, South Sumatra (109,155); EXOR-1, Balongan, Java (125,000); Dumai, Central Sumatra (114,000); Sungai Pakning, Central Sumatra (47,500); Pangakalan Brandan, North Sumatra (4,750); Cepu, Central Java (3,420)
Product Pipelines: Trans-Java (serving the Surabaya market)
Oil Tanker Terminals: Java: Cilegon, Cilacap, Surabaya, Ardjuna B (offshore) Sumatra: Pangkalan Brandan, Belawan, Dumai, Musi, Perlak, Palembang, Tanjung Uban (offshore) Kalimantan: Balikpapan Sulawesi: Ujung Pandang Irian Jaya: Sorong, Jaya Seram: Bula Natuna Sea: Ikan Pari
Major Gas Fields: Sumatra: Arun, Alur Siwah, Kuala Langsa, Musi, South Lho Sukon, Wampu East Kalimantan: Attaka, Badak, Bekapai, Handil, Mutiara, Nilam, Semberah, Tunu Natuna Sea: Natuna Java: Pagerungan, Terang/Sirasun Irian Jaya: Tangguh
Major Gas Pipelines: Sumatra: Pangkalan Brandan-Dumai
LNG Plants: Arun, Bontang

Sources for this report include: AFX Asia; Agence France Presse; Antara; APS Review Oil Market Trends; CIA World Factbook 2002; Dow Jones News Wire service; Economist Intelligence Unit ViewsWire; Financial Times; Global Insight World Overview; Oil & Gas Journal; Petroleum Intelligence Weekly; Platt's International Coal Report; Platt's Oilgram News; Reuters News Wire; U.S. Energy Information Administration; U.S. Department of State; World Gas Intelligence.