China's carbon emissions rising
faster than expected - study
Mar 12, 2008 - XFN-Asia
China's carbon emissions have been increasing at
an average rate of 11 pct per year since 2004, far
higher than the 2-5 pct estimate set by the UN Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change, according to a study by the
University of California, Berkeley and UC San Diego.
Researchers said that by 2010, China's total carbon
emissions will have risen by 600 mln tons since 2000,
far in advance of the 116 mln tons of emission reductions
pledged in the Kyoto Protocol.
"The projected annual increase in China alone over
the next several years is greater than the current
emissions produced by either Great Britain or Germany,"
the researchers said in a statement.
They based their findings on pollution data collected
from 30 Chinese industrial cities, and also included
information on waste gas emissions supplied by China's
State Environmental Protection Administration.
They said that previous studies were based on information
that was nearly a decade old, and did not take full
account of the massive rise in per capita energy consumption
since the year 2000.
Meanwhile, responsibility for the construction of
new power plants was switched to local government
officials, "who had less incentive and fewer resources
to build cleaner, more efficient plants" and thereby
"locked themselves into a long-run emissions trajectory
that is much higher than people had anticipated,"
the authors said.
At a press conference yesterday, Xie Zhenhua, the
deputy director of the National Development and Reform
Commission in charge of China's emission reduction
policies, said that the country was continuing to
push for a system of "differential responsibilities"
in any new global climate change deal, saying that
developed countries should still undertake the bulk
of agreed global emission reductions.
Negotiations on a treaty to replace the Kyoto Protocol,
which expires in 2012, are expected to be completed
in Copenhagen next year, and China is also pushing
for developed countries to transfer more green technology
to the developing world as part of any new deal.