China becomes global leader in clean energy: study
22, 2010 - Xinhua
China has become a leader in clean energy efforts, outstripping the United
States and Japan, and leaving Australia lagging far behind, a study commissioned
by the Australia's Climate Institute showed on Tuesday.
Global research unveiled countries including Britain, China and the U.S. already
have set up a higher direct and indirect carbon pricing.
The Vivid Economics report, commissioned by Australia's Climate Institute
think-tank, showed China's incentives to encourage low- carbon generation,
such as solar and wind power, are almost triple those in the U.S.
Measures to encourage renewable energy, as well as imposing taxes on dirtier
forms of generation, like burning coal, has placed China above the U.S., Japan,
Australia and South Korea in a six-country study, while only second to Britain.
According to the research, the highest price went to the Britain (29.30 U.S.
dollars), China (14.20 U.S. dollars), U.S. north-east (9.50 U.S. dollars),
U.S. overall (5.10 U.S. dollars), Japan (3.10 U.S. dollars), Australia (1.70
U.S. dollars) and South Korea (0.7 U.S. dollars).
"China is leading and taking responsibility," Erwin Jackson, director
of the Climate Institute told Bloomberg Media on Tuesday, pointing of of China's "surprising" dominance.
"If you look at it, they're doing it because it's in their economic interests.
They are now commanding the largest market share of clean energy investment
at a global level as a result."
The report indicated that the main driver of China's performance was its commitment
to shutting down more than 100 small coal-fired power plants for cleaner coal
stations by 2011, which would reduce emissions by 15 percent.
In order to generate 15 percent of the nation's total energy from renewable
sources by 2020, the country has also offered subsidies worth billions of Chinese
yuan for green energy projects.
China, the world's second largest energy consumer after the United State,
last year pledged at the United Nations Climate Change Summit in New York of
U.S. to cut carbon dioxide emissions per unit of gross domestic product by
40 percent to 45 percent from 2005 through 2020.
The nation targets to increase the share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy
consumption to around 15 percent by 2020, up from the current 7.8 percent.
It will be achieved by expanding its installed hydro-power capacity to 300
million kilowatts by 2015 from the current 200 million in an effort to cut
carbon dioxide emissions. Development of other clean energy sources, including
solar, bio-mass and nuclear energy, has also accelerated in China.