GENI History
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GENI History - A Credible Foundation


"The world electrical energy grid is the World Game's™ highest priority objective."

Buckminster Fuller

Global Energy Network Institute was founded in 1986 by Peter Meisen to investigate the idea of Dr. R. Buckminster Fuller, proposing a global electric energy grid as the number one priority to solve many of the world’s most pressing problems. In 1991, GENI was incorporated in San Diego, California, as a 501(c)(3) non-profit corporation to conduct research and education related to a compelling and technologically feasible global energy strategy that addresses fundamental issues of quality of life, energy efficiency and sustainable development. That strategy is to interconnect electrical power grids between countries and continents, thereby creating an interconnected global energy grid, with an emphasis on linking local and remote renewable energy resources (wind, solar, hydro, geothermal, tidal and biomass). The focus is on electricity and its sources because of their relationship to all the major measures of a sustainable society and environment.

GENI affiliates support the educational and funding activities of the organization. Global Energy Network International Foundation LTD was formed in Australia in 1989. Other affiliate locations include Canada, Hong Kong, New Zealand, Singapore and USA.

GENI's mission is to accelerate the attainment of optimal, sustainable energy solutions in the shortest possible time for the peace, health and prosperity of all.

In considering the decision-making processes of the global electricity industry, four areas of activity were identified to accomplish GENI’s mission:

  1. The industry needs compelling evidence that interconnection of renewable energy sources via high voltage transmission networks is both a financially viable and a highly desirable global energy option;
  2. The general public and their representative organizations need to be aware of sustainable global energy options;
  3. Our policy makers must be aware of global sustainable energy options when determining their regional policy direction and legislation.


Manitoba Workshop Summary:

"The economic benefits have always exceeded the anticipated or assumed values that justified the interconnection in the first place."

— Len Bateman,
Former Chairman
Manitoba Hydro

In the initial phase, GENI established the technical feasibility and validity of this Global Grid Initiative. In 1991, in cooperation with the Manitoba HVDC Research Centre, GENI hosted the International Workshop On The Limits of Long Distance High-Voltage Power Transmission And The Corresponding Economic, Environmental and Socio-Political Implications. This conference took place in Winnipeg, Canada, for 36 multi-disciplined experts from around the world. They concurred on the potential benefits of expanding power networks between nations and continents.

Six months later, in January of 1992, Russians and Americans meet in Anchorage, Alaska to discuss The Potential Of An Electrical Interconnection Between Russia And North America. Hosted by GENI and the Alaska Energy Authority, power engineers from both countries began to study an underwater linkage between the two continents, making available the enormous renewable resource potential of the northern latitude regions.

"Interconnections would help reduce greenhouse gases and acid rain which come from coal"

— Joe Falcon,
Past President
American Society of
Mechanical Engineers

Also that same January, the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, Power Engineering Society (IEEE/PES) hosted a panel session in New York on Remote Renewable Energy Sources made Possible by High Voltage Interconnections. Panelists stated that massive untapped renewable energy exists and is available with current technology.

Convinced of the validity of this initiative, a long and productive affiliation with the IEEE/PES began, defining a new phase for GENI of creating awareness and technological corroboration around what is now referred to as

The GENI Initiative

With GENI’s collaboration in organizing topics and speakers, numerous panels between 1992 and 1998 focused regionally on the long distance interconnection of electrical grids linking remote renewable resources. Following is a list of articles resulting from those panels and published in the IEEE/PES Power Engineering Review over a period of several years. Over 23,000 engineers involved in research, manufacturing and utility planning receive this publication.

  • "...Massive untapped renewable energy exists and is available with current technology."

    IEEE/PES panelists

    "Tapping Remote Renewables," June, 1992.
  • "International Electric Networks: An Historical and Future Perspective of the World Bank and United Nations," July, 1993
  • "International Interconnections to Renewable Resources," written by GENI and co-authored by Joe Falcon, President of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, and Tom Hammons, Chairman of the International Practices Committee of IEEE/PES, July 1993, published in the annual Power Generation book, which is distributed to 8,500 industry officials around the world.
  • "Latin American Power Policy Reforms," June, 1994. Presenters include energy ministers, World Bank infrastructure experts, and utility presidents.
  • "Middle East Power Policy," December, 1994.
  • "East/West Europe Electricity Infrastructure, Interconnections and Electrical Exchanges," December, 1995.
  • "Asian Power Policy," January, 1996.
  • "We must see the problem as a whole. We must understand and explain to all other men on the planet that the interconnection between power systems of different countries is one of the important tasks for all humanity."

    — Victor Yershevich,
    Director of Science,
    Energoset Project

    "Interconnecting Renewables for Developing Nations, A Compelling Global Strategy," July, 1996.
  • "International High-Voltage Grids and Environmental Implications," August, 1998.

GENI has focused on researching the development of transmission and distribution networks as a viable option to meet our global energy requirements. These panel sessions and subsequent articles provided a body of technical evidence for the feasibility, efficacy and desirability of The GENI Initiative. Clear evidence indicates that large scale, remote renewable energy resources could be made available via high-voltage transmission. GENI continues to work with the electricity industry to explore the implications of interconnections around the world.

Israeli Foreign Minister Ehud Barak offered a tough and ambitious definition of "full peace" between Israel and Syria. They want "diplomatic relations, an open border, trade, communication and transportation links, joint water projects, and even the integration links, joint water projects, and even the integration of the two countries electricity grids."

Washington Post,
January 24, 1996

In early 1993, evidence began to surface that GENI’s message was being recognized.

  • Three articles on GENI appeared in global magazines:
    1. "Unbottling the GENI" in Tomorrow: Global Environment Business,
    2. "Worldwide Interconnections May An Idea Whose Time Has Come" in Transmission & Distribution International; and
    3. "Linking Electricity for Peace: a Compelling Global Strategy" a featured paper in The Bulletin of SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & SOCIETY, Vol. 17, Number 4, 1997.
  • One week after Yitzhak Rabin and Yasir Arafat shook hands for peace on the White House lawn in September of 1993, Newsweek reported a story on rebuilding the Palestinians' homeland. Under the heading of "Dreaming up Peace Projects," the lead item was "Power Grids: Interlocking electricity grids could save Israelis and Arabs millions of dollars."

Months later, in January, Mechanical Engineering, trade magazine of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, ran a feature story: "Connecting the world's electrical grids. Transmission systems that send bulk power over long distances are proving that global energy networks are technically feasible if economic and political incentives surge."

By mid 1995, interconnecting electrical grids was no longer a strategy needing proof, but was now a phenomenon to be reported. The New Scientist, a major scientific publication of the commonwealth countries, featured Global Power, The Electric Hypergrid with a focus on GENI as the organization driving the idea. Picking up on the article just days after its release, the BBC interviewed GENI's founder, Peter Meisen and the article's author, Fred Pearce.


"The most thoughtful strategy towards peace and sustainable development that I have ever seen."

Walter Cronkite
Preeminent Newsman

The second area of activity for GENI has focused on educating the general public regarding The GENI Initiative and on building collaborative relationships with individuals and organizations. The following were the main projects to accomplish these objectives:

  • What If... A New Global Option, a 15-minute video. Introduced by John Denver, the video has been viewed on all continents. November, 1989.
  • "My conclusion is that to build a new world — to build peace — we must literally build it. Electrical interconnections between regions and continents is a vast and visionary undertaking — worthy of our generation."

    — Walter Hickel
    Ex Governor of Alaska
    Chairman, Northern Forum

    A second 15-minute video, A WIN-WIN Solution, featuring interviews with a dozen specialists from the Winnipeg workshop. Strong corroboration for the initiative was expressed by engineers, environmentalists and diplomats. September, 1991.
  • Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. GENI's exhibit was seen by thousands from around the world. Relationships were established with energy and environmental research organizations, as well as NGOs from every continent. Dozens of press interviews were held with GENI, including ones with The Wall Street Journal, Nippon Kenzai Shinbum (Japan's business newspaper), Public Broadcasting, the World Monitor and the BBC. June, 1992.
  • Meetings took place in Washington, DC to establish relationships with the US Department of Energy, National Wildlife Federation, World Resources Institute, The World Bank, Business Executives for National Security, Battelle Pacific Northwest Labs.
  • GENI sponsored and organized the Buckminster Fuller Symposium and Centennial Celebration for 600 participants. Activities included a multi-media Opening Ceremony, several World Games™, Symposia by 15 colleagues and students of Bucky, a Film Festival, display of the only remaining Dymaxion Car, and a Bucky for Kids Festival. July 1995.
  • GENI hosted the World Game™of Buckminster Fuller in San Diego and Santa Barbara. April, 1996. World Game™ events were featured stories in The Los Angeles Times and Science Friday of National Public Radio.


As World Bank President, James Wolffenson stated that over 2 billion people have no clean water or electricity.

Research and history show that as living standards increase, "insurance births" of developing nations decrease.

A third key area in accomplishing The GENI Initiative has been educating our policy makers. Primarily this took the form of sending our annual newsletter to every president, prime minister, energy minister, environment minister, and U.N. Ambassador in the world. In addition, when issues like the conflict between North and South Korea and peace talks between Israel and Syria arose, GENI was proactive in writing to the key decision makers to present the interconnection of their electrical grids as not only a possibility resulting from their accord, but also as a mechanism for driving the peace process. A win-win business opportunity engenders cooperation.

  • GENI exhibited at numerous energy conferences attended by energy policy makers. Between August and October of 1994, GENI exhibited at the following:
    • US Dept. of Energy National Renewable Energy Lab Conference entitled Partners in Commercialization Denver, CO
    • 1st International Conference of Computer Simulation Societies (includes presentation). Zurich, Switzerland
    • International Conference on Large High-Voltage Electric Systems (CIGRE) Paris, France
    • "The difficulties and risks could be balanced by the positive aspects of a project. And these are stability and distribution of wealth through the success of a project. It will help community stability. It will help stabilize or reduce population growth which is a major issue on the environment and resources."

      Ahmedou Ould-Abdallah
      UN Special Advisor on Africa

      United Nations Conference on Population and Development. Cairo, Egypt
    • International Exposition in Beijing, China entitled Electric Power China 94.
    • Rotary International Conventions since 1998.
  • Also presentations were made to numerous organizations:
    • International Solar Energy Society. Budapest
    • Transmission & Distribution International Exposition. Amsterdam
    • CEPSI 94 Conference of the Electricity Power Supply Industry in East Asia and the Western Pacific. Christchurch, NZ
    • Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories. Richland, Washington
    • The Northern Forum, governors representing provinces of 21 northern latitude states, September, 1995, Japan. Walter Hickel, a staunch proponent of the GENI Initiative, is the Sec. Gen. of The Northern Forum.
    • World Renewable Energy Conference, hosted by the Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Lab, plenary presentation. June, 1996, Denver.
    • First World Sustainable Energy Trade Fair, May, 1997, Amsterdam
    • IEEE/Power Engineering Society, 1998, Florida
  • In October, 1995, at the invitation of Mikhail Gorbachev, Peter Meisen attended the State of the World Forum in San Francisco with 400 others from around the world. Hundreds of world business, spiritual and political leaders, including President Gorbachev, were introduced to The GENI Initiative. Many expressed genuine interest in the strategy. 1995-1999.
  • That same month, GENI exhibited at the 1995 World Energy Conference in Japan with 3000 of the world's core energy industry and ministry leaders, World Bank and United Nations energy specialists. The World Bank representative for Asia expressed a need for a comprehensive planning tool for the entire Asian region. Also: Houston, 1998; Buenos Aires, 2001.

"I have followed closely the work of Global Energy Network International for some time, and find the project to be one of the most important opportunities to further the cause of environmental protection and sustainable development."

— Noel Brown as
North American Director,
United Nations
Environmental Program

In the initial ten years of its existence, GENI has accomplished its first level of objectives: technological credibility of its Initiative, public awareness and relationship with other organizations, and education of world leaders regarding this Initiative. GENI has now entered a new phase in which we will play an even more proactive role in causing its purpose to be realized.


What is Comprehensive Anticipatory Design Science and why is it relevant and critical in the today’s world? From a global perspective, we are faced with daunting challenges as documented by World Resources, 1996-1997: the accelerating confluence of population expansion, increased demand for energy, food, clean drinking water, adequate housing, the destructive environmental effects of pollution from fossil fuels and nuclear waste, plus the growing divergence between the haves and have-nots and the potential for ensuing conflicts. Only recently have national elected officials realized what global corporations already know: the issues of today and the future transcend political boundaries and nationalistic thinking and are globally interrelated, affecting each other in multiple ways.

"A global energy network makes enormous sense if we are to meet global energy needs with a minimal impact on the world's environment."

— In a letter from
Al Gore
as a US Senator

When viewed as a whole, solutions arise that address multiple, interrelated issues in ways that otherwise would not be apparent if addressing each issue in isolation. Some strategies must be global, and any investigation into global solutions must, therefore, be comprehensive. Population growth, energy demand and pollution are predictable as trends. Planning must anticipate these trends if we are to find solutions that can stay ahead of them. We then ask the engineers and architects to design systems that will enable us to provide a desired quality of life. Appropriate design must include consequences for natural resource use, cost efficiency and human factors. The science includes the proper scientific method and asking the right questions from the beginning. GENI’s question is how do we provide a decent living standard for everyone on the planet without damaging the environment for the long term?

Good design must also include awareness of universal scientific principles. Ideally, artifacts and tools can then be created so that old problems disappear, since the new design makes them obsolete. The computer replacing the typewriter is a good example. Comprehensive anticipatory design science acknowledges interrelatedness, trends and principles and then builds to meet today’s needs without compromising the needs and environment for future generations. This is exactly what The GENI Initiative does.

Given current world conditions and evidence that supports the scientific soundness of The GENI Initiative, three projects have been designed which will forward its realization.


"We endorse the project without reservation as being a good example of the simulation studies form the Mission Earth activity."

Ben Clymer as Chairman,
Mission Earth Activity
Society for
Computer Simulation

Computer Simulation Model

As a result of early research, GENI identified a major limitation for the industry's wider use of interconnection of large scale, renewable energy resources: the lack of a suitable, validated computer simulation model to demonstrate the cost/benefit of various scenarios which would include a comparison with other energy scenarios, for example, those of the World Energy Council. A Computer Simulation Model was conceived as this critical management tool. It would factor in quality of life indicators including infant mortality, life expectancy, literacy and safe drinking water, as well as criteria for meeting the environmental standards set forth by the Earth Summit Agenda 21 and signed by nations around the world.

"The GENI computer simulation model will be the first comprehensive energy management model to incorporate renewable energy options. The results of this simulation will support integrated energy resources planning by quantifying the impact of the method of power generation on not only economic, but also social, health and environmental conditions."

— Dennis Woodford,
Executive Director
Manitoba HVDC
Research Centre

In 1994, GENI presented the model to the Mission Earth Task Force of the Society for Computer Simulation (SCS). Several of the world's top modelers committed to assisting with the model. By November, the Mission Earth Activity endorsed and began advising the GENI Computer Model research project. GENI was featured in an article in Simulation, the SCS magazine, on "Simulation in the Service of Society." In April, 1995, GENI got the cover and feature article in Simulation: "The GENI Model: The Interconnection of Global Power Resources to Obtain an Optimal Global Sustainable Energy Solution." Based on this preliminary work, a full proposal was put together to obtain the funding necessary to complete the model.

(Funding requirement: $1.6 million)

Click here for details.

Documentary Film "The Powerful Planet"

To leverage our communication with the general public and in collaboration with the non-profit Earth Vision Productions, GENI initiated a Documentary Film Project. "The Powerful Planet" will be an hour-long film suitable for international broadcast media. Over 20 hours of expert interviews have been logged to date, and a production team is meeting regularly to advance this project to potential corporate sponsors.

(Funding requirement: $325,000)

Click here for details.

"The extensive international cooperation necessary would mean alternative expenditures to armaments, and at the same time, help overcome social-economic problems which exist today in developing countries."

— Yevgeny Velikhov as Vice-President, Russian
Academy of Sciences

International Conference "CONNECT 2000"

To accelerate bringing this global energy grid into reality, GENI is developing "CONNECT 2000" An International Conference on the Global Grid Initiative. The goals of this Conference are as follows:

  • to bring together engineers, environmentalists, policy makers and financiers to discuss implementation of the large regional networks that are currently under study;
  • to draft a quantitative analysis of a number of interconnections between existing and proposed inter-regional systems;
  • to identify the market needs, financial analysis, technical and political feasibility of electricity needed in the coming decades;
  • to define how the expansion of electrical networks fits with the Agenda 21 goals of the Sustainable Development Council of the United Nations;
  • to analyze the reduction of greenhouse gases as renewables replace fossil fuel generation.

(Funding Requirement: $525,000)

Click here for details.

"There is no energy shortage. There is no energy crisis. There is a crisis of ignorance."

— Buckminster Fuller

With there three projects in place, policy makers will have the management tools to make decisions that are comprehensive, that anticipate trends and the consequences of their decisions and can design systems that will make current problems obsolete. The public will be informed to understand and support policy makers in making decisions based on sustainability.

Copyright © 1938, Buckminster Fuller Institute, Santa Barbara. All rights reserved. The world Dymaxion and Dymaxion ™Map design are trademarks of the Buckminster Fuller Institute.
Global Electric Network



Peter Meisen (President)
Graeme Edwards (Vice Pres.)
Sara Beattie
Jim Cathcart
Anthony Davis
Bobbi DePorter

Bill Shopoff (Treasurer)
Joanalys Smith (Secretary)
Joe Falcon
Nyhl Henson
Janathin Miller
Peter Wagschal

GENI History

Keywords: GENI History, A Credible Foundation, GENI Overview, Index, Global Energy Network Institute, GENI is the highest priority objective of the World Game