Energy Network Institute was
founded in 1986 by Peter Meisen to investigate the
idea of Dr. R. Buckminster Fuller, proposing a global
electric energy grid as the number one priority to
solve many of the worldís most pressing problems.
In 1991, GENI was incorporated in San Diego, California,
as a 501(c)(3) non-profit corporation to conduct
research and education related to a compelling and
technologically feasible global energy strategy that
addresses fundamental issues of quality of life, energy
efficiency and sustainable development. That strategy
is to interconnect electrical power grids between
countries and continents, thereby creating an interconnected
global energy grid, with an emphasis on linking local
and remote renewable energy resources (wind, solar,
hydro, geothermal, tidal and biomass). The focus
is on electricity and its sources because of their
relationship to all the major measures of a sustainable
society and environment.
affiliates. Global Energy Network International Foundation
LTD was formed in Australia in 1989. Other affiliate
locations include :
Hong Kong, New Zealand, Singapore and USA.
mission is to accelerate the attainment of optimal,
sustainable energy solutions in the shortest
time for the peace, health and prosperity of all.
considering the decision-making processes of the global
electricity industry, four areas of activity were
identified to accomplish GENIís mission:
the initial phase, GENI established the technical
feasibility and validity of this Global Grid Initiative.
In 1991, in cooperation with the Manitoba HVDC
Research Centre, GENI hosted the
Workshop On The Limits of Long Distance High-Voltage
Power Transmission And The Corresponding Economic,
Environmental and Socio-Political Implications.
This conference took place in Winnipeg, Canada, for
36 multi-disciplined experts from around the world.
They concurred on the potential benefits of expanding
power networks between nations and continents.
months later, in January of 1992, Russians and Americans
meet in Anchorage, Alaska to discuss
Of An Electrical Interconnection Between Russia And
North America. Hosted by GENI and the Alaska
Energy Authority, power engineers from both countries
began to study an underwater linkage between the
two continents, making available the enormous renewable
resource potential of the northern latitude regions.
that same January, the Institute of Electrical and
Electronic Engineers, Power Engineering Society (IEEE/PES)
hosted a panel session in New York on
Renewable Energy Sources made Possible by High Voltage
Interconnections. Panelists stated that massive
untapped renewable energy exists and is available
with current technology.
of the validity of this initiative, a long and productive
affiliation with the IEEE/PES began, defining a new
phase for GENI of creating awareness and technological
corroboration around what is now referred to as The
GENIís collaboration in organizing topics and speakers,
numerous panels between 1992 and 1998 focused regionally
on the long distance interconnection of electrical
grids linking remote renewable resources. Following
is a list of articles resulting from those panels
and published in the IEEE/PES Power Engineering
Review over a period of several years. Over 23,000
engineers involved in research, manufacturing and
utility planning receive this publication.
has focused on researching the development of transmission
and distribution networks as a viable option to meet
our global energy requirements. These panel sessions
and subsequent articles provided a body of technical
evidence for the feasibility, efficacy and desirability
of The GENI Initiative.
evidence indicates that large scale, remote renewable
energy resources could be made available via high-voltage
transmission. GENI continues to work with the electricity
industry to explore the implications of interconnections
around the world.
early 1993, evidence began to surface that GENIís
message was being recognized.
mid 1995, interconnecting electrical grids was no
longer a strategy needing proof, but was now a phenomenon
to be reported. The New Scientist, a major
scientific publication of the commonwealth countries,
Global Power, The Electric Hypergrid
with a focus on GENI as the organization driving the
idea. Picking up on the article just days after its
release, the BBC interviewed GENI's founder, Peter
Meisen and the article's author, Fred Pearce.
THE PUBLIC AND THEIR REPRESENTATIVES
second area of activity for GENI has focused on educating
the general public regarding The GENI Initiative and
on building collaborative relationships with individuals
and organizations. The following were the main projects
to accomplish these objectives:
If... A New Global Option, a 15-minute video.
Introduced by John Denver, the video has been viewed
on all continents. November, 1989.
second 15-minute video,
A WIN-WIN Solution,
featuring interviews with a dozen specialists from
the Winnipeg workshop. Strong corroboration for
the initiative was expressed by engineers, environmentalists
and diplomats. September, 1991.
Summit in Rio de Janeiro. GENI's exhibit was
seen by thousands from around the world. Relationships
were established with energy and environmental research
organizations, as well as NGOs from every continent.
Dozens of press interviews were held with GENI,
including ones with The Wall Street Journal,
Nippon Kenzai Shinbum (Japan's business newspaper),
Public Broadcasting, the World Monitor and the
BBC. June, 1992.
took place in Washington, DC to establish relationships
with the US Department of Energy, National Wildlife
Federation, World Resources Institute, The World
Bank, Business Executives for National Security,
Battelle Pacific Northwest Labs.
sponsored and organized the Buckminster Fuller Symposium
and Centennial Celebration for 600 participants.
Activities included a multi-media Opening Ceremony,
several World Games™, Symposia by 15 colleagues
and students of Bucky, a Film Festival, display
of the only remaining Dymaxion Car, and a Bucky
for Kids Festival. July 1995.
hosted the World Game™ of Buckminster
Fuller in San Diego and Santa Barbara. April, 1996.
World Game™ events were featured stories in
The Los Angeles Times and
of National Public Radio.
THE POLICY MAKERS
third key area in accomplishing The GENI Initiative
has been educating our policy makers. Primarily this
took the form of sending our annual newsletter to
every president, prime minister, energy minister,
environment minister, and U.N. Ambassador in the world.
addition, when issues like the conflict between North
and South Korea and peace talks between Israel and
Syria arose, GENI was proactive in writing to the
key decision makers to present the interconnection
of their electrical grids as not only a possibility
resulting from their accord, but also as a mechanism
for driving the peace process. A win-win business
opportunity engenders cooperation.
at numerous energy conferences attended by energy policy
were made to numerous organizations:
Dept of Energy National Renewable Energy Lab Conference
Partners in Commercialization
International Conference of Computer Simulation
Societies (includes presentation). Zurich, Switzerland
Conference on Large High-Voltage Electric Systems
(CIGRE) Paris, France
Nations Conference on Population and Development.
Exposition in Beijing, China entitled
Power China 94.
International Conventions since 1998.
Solar Energy Society. Budapest
& Distribution International Exposition. Amsterdam
94 Conference of the Electricity Power Supply Industry
in East Asia and the Western Pacific. Christchurch,
Pacific Northwest Laboratories. Richland, Washington
Northern Forum, governors representing provinces
of 21 northern latitude states, September, 1995,
Japan. Walter Hickel, a staunch proponent of the
GENI Initiative, is the Sec. Gen. of The Northern
Renewable Energy Conference, hosted by the Department
of Energyís National Renewable Energy Lab, plenary
presentation. June, 1996, Denver.
World Sustainable Energy Trade Fair, May, 1997,
Engineering Society, 1998, Florida
the invitation of Mikhail Gorbachev, Peter Meisen
attended the State of the World Forum
in San Francisco with 400 others from around the
world. Hundreds of world business, spiritual and
political leaders, including President Gorbachev,
were introduced to The GENI Initiative. Many expressed
genuine interest in the strategy. 1995-1999.
exhibited at the '95 World Energy Conference
in Japan with 3000 of the world's core energy industry
and ministry leaders, World Bank and United Nations
energy specialists. The World Bank representative
for Asia expressed a need for a comprehensive planning
tool for the entire Asian region. Also: Houston,
1998; Buenos Aires, 2001.
the initial ten years of its existence, GENI has accomplished
its first level of objectives: technological credibility
of its Initiative, public awareness and relationship
with other organizations, and education of world leaders
regarding this Initiative. GENI has now entered a
new phase in which we will play an even more proactive
role in causing its purpose to be realized.
ANTICIPATORY DESIGN SCIENCE
is Comprehensive Anticipatory Design Science
and why is it relevant and critical in the todayís
a global perspective, we are faced with daunting challenges
as documented by World Resources, 1996-97: the
accelerating confluence of population expansion, increased
demand for energy, food, clean drinking water, adequate
housing, the destructive environmental effects of
pollution from fossil fuels and nuclear waste, plus
the growing divergence between the haves and have-nots
and the potential for ensuing conflicts.
recently have national elected officials realized
what global corporations already know: the issues
of today and the future transcend political boundaries
and nationalistic thinking and are globally interrelated,
affecting each other in multiple ways.
viewed as a whole, solutions arise that address multiple,
interrelated issues in ways that otherwise would not
be apparent if addressing each issue in isolation.
Some strategies must be global, and any investigation
into global solutions must, therefore, be comprehensive.
Population growth, energy demand and pollution are
predictable as trends. Planning must anticipate
these trends if we are to find solutions that can
stay ahead of them. We then ask the engineers and
architects to design systems that will
enable us to provide a desired quality of life. Appropriate
design must include consequences for natural resource
use, cost efficiency and human factors.
science includes the proper scientific
method and asking the right questions from the beginning.
GENIís question is
how do we provide a decent
living standard for everyone on the planet without
damaging the environment for the long term?
design must also include awareness of universal scientific
principles. Ideally, artifacts and tools can then
be created so that old problems disappear, since the
new design makes them obsolete.
computer replacing the typewriter is a good example.
Comprehensive anticipatory design science acknowledges
interrelatedness, trends and principles and then builds
to meet todayís needs without compromising the needs
and environment for future generations. This is exactly
what The GENI Initiative does.
current world conditions and evidence that supports
the scientific soundness of The GENI Initiative, three
projects have been designed which will forward its